|Title||Colaboración en ciencia-tecnología entre España / Unión Europea y América Latina. Tendencias en biotecnología, ciencia de los alimentos, y nanomateriales.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Molina, JL, Lubbers, MJ, Briansó, JL, Martínez, I, Ruiz, AA|
|Journal||REDES – Revista Hispana para el Análisis de Redes Sociales|
|Pagination||Sciencometrics, Triple Helix, Biotechnology, Food Science, Nanomaterials, Research Policies, European Union, Mercosur.|
|Keywords||Biotechnology, European Union, Food Science, Mercosur., Nanomaterials, Research Policies, Sciencometrics, Triple Helix|
On the basis of a longitudinal study of international collaborations in patents and scientific articles between countries of Mercosur (plus Mexico and Chile) and countries from the European Union in the fields of biotechnology, food science and nanomaterials, it was possible to assess the fast growth of biotechnology, the emergence of nanomaterials in Mexico and Brazil and the stagnation of food science in the period. Mexico, Brazil and to a lesser degree Argentina are the leading countries, whereas Chile is relatively very active internationally as well. Although Spain is an important actor in the structure of collaboration, there is still not a stable institutional frame of collaboration among Universities and research institutes of both sides.