The Transmission of Home Garden Knowledge: Safeguarding Biocultural Diversity and Enhancing Social–Ecological Resilience

TitleThe Transmission of Home Garden Knowledge: Safeguarding Biocultural Diversity and Enhancing Social–Ecological Resilience
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCalvet-Mir, L, Riu-Bosoms, C, González-Puente, M, Ruiz-Mallén, I, Reyes-García, V, Molina, JL
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Abstract

The last decades have witnessed a growing research interest of local ecological knowledge (LEK), with some research focusing on its effective transmission for natural resource management. Here we contribute to this body of research by focusing on an understudied agroecosystem: home gardens in rural areas of developed countries. We characterize home garden knowledge in Vall de Gósol (Catalan Pyrenees) and analyze the modes of transmission of such knowledge to discuss how such mechanisms might affect home garden resilience. We identify a diverse local home garden knowledge, which is mainly transmitted from parents to child. Members of the parental generation other than the parents and individuals of the same generation were only important for the transmission of some specific knowledge. We conclude that home gardens are biocultural refugia in a world of decreasing complex local knowledge systems and that different cultural transmission modes confer diversity and enhance social–ecological resilience in those agroecosystems.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08941920.2015.1094711?journalCode=usnr20#.Vnw9Wn1v_BI
DOI10.1080/08941920.2015.1094711
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