|Títol||Migrant enclaves and industrial districts: a complex interaction|
|Tipus de publicació||Journal Article|
|Any de publicació||2017|
|Autors||Molina, JLuis, Cháfer, LMartínez, Molina-Morales, FXavier, Lubbers, MJ|
|Journal||Submitted to the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies|
|Paraules clau||Castelló, ethnic economies, industrial districts, migrant enclaves, Romanian migration|
So far, the relationship between Industrial Districts (IDs) and migration enclaves has been studied mostly by focusing on the emergence of ethnic economies within the district, and/or by highlighting racist conflicts in specific IDs that achieved notoriety in the media. In this study, we contend that there is a more general and complex interaction between the two phenomena (interconnected clusters of local industries and migration enclaves, i.e. high concentration of international migrants from a single nationality). This interaction is mediated by the local context, the national regulations, and the international market organization. By focusing on the case of the ceramic ID of Castelló de la Plana (Spain), we show how this ID with a high index of job formality, combined with other job opportunities and a unique `institutional completeness´, set up the conditions for a non-conflictive Romanian migrant enclave that reached 12% of the town´s total population in 2012. Finally, we suggest that this interaction should be analysed under the general dynamics of the international organization of value, and the requirements of flexibility and reduction of costs that frame IDs.