Heating without heat: Thermodynamics of passive energy filters between finite systems

TitleHeating without heat: Thermodynamics of passive energy filters between finite systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMuñoz-Tapia, R, Brito, R, Parrondo, JMR
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW E
Volume96
Issue3
ISSN2470-0045
Abstract

Passive filters allowing the exchange of particles in a narrow band of energy are currently used in microrefrigerators and energy transducers. In this Rapid Communication, we analyze their thermal properties using linear irreversible thermodynamics and kinetic theory, and discuss a striking phenomenon: the possibility of simultaneously increasing or decreasing the temperatures of two systems without any supply of energy. This occurs when the filter induces a flow of particles whose energy is between the average energies of the two systems. Here we show that this selective transfer of particles does not need the action of any sort of Maxwell demon and can be carried out by passive filters without compromising the second law of thermodynamics. This phenomenon allows us to design cycles between two reservoirs at temperatures T-1 {\textless} T-2 that are able to reach temperatures below T-1 or above T-2.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevE.96.030103
Campus d'excel·lència internacional U A B