TY - JOUR
T1 - Interface between path and orbital angular momentum entanglement for high-dimensional photonic quantum information
JF - Nature Communications
Y1 - 2014
A1 - Robert Fickler
A1 - Radek Lapkiewicz
A1 - Huber, Marcus
A1 - Lavery, Martin P.J.
A1 - Padgett, Miles J.
A1 - Anton Zeilinger
AB - Photonics has become a mature field of quantum information science, where integrated optical circuits offer a way to scale the complexity of the setup as well as the dimensionality of the quantum state. On photonic chips, paths are the natural way to encode information. To distribute those high-dimensional quantum states over large distances, transverse spatial modes, like orbital angular momentum (OAM) possessing Laguerre Gauss modes, are favourable as flying information carriers. Here we demonstrate a quantum interface between these two vibrant photonic fields. We create three-dimensional path entanglement between two photons in a non-linear crystal and use a mode sorter as the quantum interface to transfer the entanglement to the OAM degree of freedom. Thus our results show a novel, flexible way to create high-dimensional spatial mode entanglement. Moreover, they pave the way to implement broad complex quantum networks where high-dimensionally entangled states could be distributed over distant photonic chips.
VL - 5
JO - Nat Comms
ER -