Current Research Projects
Anna Piella Vila (IP), Jordi Grau Rebollo (IP), Aurora González Echevarría, María Valdés Gázquez, Nicolás Lorite García, Irina Casado Aijón, Lucía Sanjuan Núñez, Beatriz García García, Sarah Lázareh Boix, Eva Bretones Peregrina, Lourdes García Tugas (UOC), Carmen de Jesús García García (University of Granada). Assistant ethnographers: Miryam Navarro Rupérez and Clara Guzmán Vilaboy
The VulneraS project aims to delve into spaces and environments of vulnerability in parenting contexts, analyzing parenting strategies in sociocultural contexts of vulnerability, trying to detect specific needs, assess available resources (and necessary) and formulate proposals for action.
In this sense, we have defined 6 areas of action:
- Extended parental care and support: the role of family and extra-family figures located at different levels of kinship extension in alleviating the debilitating effects of well-being.
- Child protection measures: especially so-called adoptions and foster care, both family and institutional.
- Health: especially with regard to measures to overcome social and cultural vulnerability in access to and use of biomedicine health services during pregnancy and child-rearing.
- Education: encourage school participation and promotion to overcome social and economic inequalities; all this makes it essential.
- Conceptual and methodological definition of the problem: delimitation of mutual support in general of mutual support in the field of parenting and care and to carefully examine the evolution and synthesis of the use of concepts such as "family", "vulnerability", "care", "relatedness", "dependence", "social fragility" or "precariousness" in disciplinary areas and in public policy from a bio-psycho-social perspective.
- Role of the audiovisual media and advertising campaigns in tackling and alleviating the problem in the areas indicated.
Within the project we also focus on the design of training proposals specifically aimed at professionals working in these fields.
2. Kinship: Forms of Parenting and Disciplinary Joints. (CSO2012-39041-C02-01). (2013-2016) (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness).
Anna Piella Vila (IP), Aurora González Echevarría, Jordi Grau, María Valdés, Virginia Fons, Carme Parramón, Júlia Vich, Irina Casado, Sarah Lázare, Meritxell Sáez, Gloria Urtasun, Aurelio Díaz, Lucía Sanjuan, Eva Bretones, Oscar López. External researchers: Carmen García (UGR), Elixabete Imaz (UPV-EHU), Lourdes García (IGenus Foundation). Research Advisors: Margarita Lagarde (UNAM, Mexico), Teresa del Valle (UPV-EHU), Teresa San Román (UAB).
This project proposes as main OBJECTIVES:
- To establish the uses of the concept of parenting and propose a definition of parenting, as well as analyze the different general elements of the domain of kinship underlying some of the current ways of exercising parenting (child movement, translocal parenting, shared parenting by relatives with or without descendants, identity uses of parenting).
- To contribute to the study of the intersections of the domains of Anthropology referring to: kinship and health, kinship and education and, kinship and gender (concept of person and body and maternal and child health, articulations between educational institutions and conceptualizations of parenting, gender configurations in certain parental figures).
- To advance in the study of interdisciplinary intersections between Anthropology and Medicine (sexual and reproductive health), Biology and Anthropology (sex / gender systems and kinship systems) and, Biology, Anthropology, Psychology and Psychoanalysis (forms of parenting).
Coordinated project of the getp-GRAFO with the GIAS Research Group of the Public University of Navarra, UPNA (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) CSO2012-39041-C02-00 (2013-2016), 'Parenting. Anthropological Approaches and Interdisciplinary Connections'. Anna Piella Vila, IP Coord. The members mentioned in the previous project are joined by José M. Uribe (IP of the GIAS project), Paloma Fernández Rasines and Mercedes Bogino.
Overall OBJECTIVES: To develop the concept of parenting, taking into account its historical configuration, its analytical definition, its empirical sociocultural variations and its standardized exercise. Examine, in the case of Spain, the analogies and differences in the standardization and supervision of parenting in two regional health systems, Catalan and Navarrese. Analyze some of the forms of child trafficking and multiple parenting, particularly in the context of international adoptions, co-parenting and co-responsibility in shared custody and translocal parenting. Deepen the socio-sanitary conflicts that occur in the exercise of parenting in migratory and adoptive contexts, taking into account unequal power relations, cultural differences, social inequalities and translocal contexts.
3. Cross-cultural theory of human group reproduction. The Anthropology of kinship as a study of the sociocultural models of procreation and parenting. (SEJ2006-10864). 2006-2010. Aurora González Echevarría (IP), Anna Piella, Jordi Grau, Dan rodriguez, Hugo Valenzuela, Virginia Fons, María Valdés, Pepi Soto, Irina Casado, Carmen Parramón, Teresa San Román, Aurora Reparato, Gustavo Indurain (FPU Fellow) and Júlia Vich (FPI Fellow).
- Development of a proposal to define the domain of Kinship Anthropology. It starts from the critique of a lax use of the term kinship, clearly differentiating its theoretical meaning as a domain of the Anthropology of Kinship and its folk use, as a concept of Western culture: "The domain of the 'Anthropology of Kinship would be constituted by sociocultural phenomena as, and only while, we see them from the perspective of the replacement of human beings who make up a group through the conceptualization and regulation of the generation, circulation and care of boys and girls, the attribution of the ultimate responsibility for their socialization and enculturation to social maturity and the relationships that are created and institutionalized in the processes of procreative reproduction and develop throughout their lives. "
- Development of a detailed script for taking ethnographic data on the items that make up the domain of Kinship Anthropology. Script that has already been used in different fieldwork.
- Development of ethnographic and procreative models (ndowé of Equatorial Guinea, dyirbal of Australia, native Norwegian urban population, Malay fishing population of Pulau Tuba and immigrant populations in Catalonia: Pakistanis, Amazigh, Romanians, Roma and Dominicans. Procreational model of Chinese immigrants in Canada, a paradigmatic case of translocal kinship.
The domain definition results have been published in González Echevarría et al. (2010), González Echevarría (2010, 2011) and M. Valdés Gázquez (2011). The construction of ethnographic and comparative models has been collected in J. Grau, H. Valenzuela and D. Rodríguez (2011).
4. The theoretical cross-cultural domain of procreation. Conception of the person, control of sexuality, organization of reproduction, parenting and configuration of models. (BSO2000-0478). 2000-2003. Aurora González Echevarría (IP), Anna Piella, Jordi Grau, Dan Rodríguez, Hugo Valenzuela (FPI Fellow).
RESULTS: Epistemological and methodological foundations of the theoretical cross-cultural domain of procreation. Fieldwork in Barcelona (adoptive families), Australia (continuities and changes in Aboriginal kinship in Jambun, Queensland), Catalonia and Gambia (inbreeding, exogamy and interethnic relations between Senegambian immigrants in Catalonia and their families of origin) and Malaysia (technological innovation and kinship relations on the island of Pulau Tuba).
5. Towards an Anthropology of Procreation. (DGICYT PS94-0115). 1995-98. A. González Echevarría (IP), A. Piella. J.Grau (FPI).
RESULTS: Comparative work with HRAF and Research on scientific and hermeneutic methods in Anthropology. Bibliographic work on the anthropological approach to kinship relations and ethnic identity in the case of Australian Aborigines. Analysis of the insertion of audiovisual media in anthropological research using kinship as a substantive reference.