Experimental access to higher-dimensional entangled quantum systems using integrated optics

TitleExperimental access to higher-dimensional entangled quantum systems using integrated optics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSchaeff, C, Polster, R, Huber, M, Ramelow, S, Zeilinger, A
Date PublishedJun
KeywordsIntegrated optics, quantum optics

Integrated optics allows for the generation and control of increasingly complex photonic states on chip-based architectures. Here, we implement two entangled qutrits&\#x2014;a nine-dimensional quantum system&\#x2014;and demonstrate an exceptionally high degree of experimental control. The approach, which is conceptually different to common bulk optical implementations, is heavily based on methods of integrated in-fiber and on-chip technologies and further motivated by methods commonly used in today&\#x2019;s telecommunications industry. The system is composed of an in-fiber source creating entangled qutrit states of any amplitude and phase, and an on-chip integrated general Multiport enabling the realization of any desired local unitary transformation within the two qutrit nine-dimensional Hilbert space. The complete design is readily extendible toward higher dimensions with moderate increase in complexity. Ultimately, our scheme allows for complete on-chip integration. We demonstrate the flexibility and generality of our system by realizing a complete characterization of the two-qutrit space of higher-order Einstein&\#x2013;Podolsky&\#x2013;Rosen correlations.

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