%0 Journal Article
%J Physical Review Letters
%D 2020
%T Reference Frames Which Separately Store Noncommuting Conserved Quantities
%A Popescu, Sandu
%A Sainz, Ana Belén
%A Short, Anthony J.
%A Winter, Andreas
%B Physical Review Letters
%V 125
%8 Jan-08-2020
%U https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.090601
%! Phys. Rev. Lett.
%R 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.090601
%0 Journal Article
%J Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
%D 2018
%T Quantum reference frames and their applications to thermodynamics
%A Popescu, Sandu
%A Sainz, Belén
%A Short, Anthony J.
%A Winter, Andreas
%B Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
%V 376(2123)
%P 20180111
%8 Jan-07-2019
%U http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/lookup/doi/10.1098/rsta.2018.0111https://syndication.highwire.org/content/doi/10.1098/rsta.2018.0111
%! Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A
%R 10.1098/rsta.2018.0111
%0 Journal Article
%J {PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES}
%D 0
%T {Quantum reference frames and their applications to thermodynamics}
%A Popescu, Sandu
%A Belen Sainz, Ana
%A Short, Anthony J.
%A Winter, Andreas
%X {We construct a quantum reference frame, which can be used to approximately implement arbitrary unitary transformations on a system in the presence of any number of extensive conserved quantities, by absorbing any back action provided by the conservation laws. Thus, the reference frame at the same time acts as a battery for the conserved quantities. Our construction features a physically intuitive, clear and implementation-friendly realization. Indeed, the reference system is composed of the same types of subsystems as the original system and is finite for any desired accuracy. In addition, the interaction with the reference frame can be broken down into two-body terms coupling the system to one of the reference frame subsystems at a time. We apply this construction to quantum thermodynamic set-ups with multiple, possibly non-commuting conserved quantities, which allows for the definition of explicit batteries in such cases. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue `Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society'.}

%B {PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES}
%V {376}
%8 {JUL 13}
%R {10.1098/rsta.2018.0111}