Magneto-Ionics in Single-Layer Transition Metal Nitrides

TitleMagneto-Ionics in Single-Layer Transition Metal Nitrides
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
Authorsde Rojas, J, Salguero, J, Ibrahim, F, Chshiev, M, Quintana, A, Lopeandia, A, Liedke, MO, Butterling, M, Hirschmann, E, Wagner, A, Abad, L, Costa-Krämer, JL, Menéndez, E, Sort, J
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces

Magneto-ionics allows for tunable control of magnetism by voltage-driven transport of ions, traditionally oxygen or lithium and, more recently, hydrogen, fluorine, or nitrogen. Here, magneto-ionic effects in single-layer iron nitride films are demonstrated, and their performance is evaluated at room temperature and compared with previously studied cobalt nitrides. Iron nitrides require increased activation energy and, under high bias, exhibit more modest rates of magneto-ionic motion than cobalt nitrides. Ab initio calculations reveal that, based on the atomic bonding strength, the critical field required to induce nitrogen-ion motion is higher in iron nitrides (≈6.6 V nm–1) than in cobalt nitrides (≈5.3 V nm–1). Nonetheless, under large bias (i.e., well above the magneto-ionic onset and, thus, when magneto-ionics is fully activated), iron nitride films exhibit enhanced coercivity and larger generated saturation magnetization, surpassing many of the features of cobalt nitrides. The microstructural effects responsible for these enhanced magneto-ionic effects are discussed. These results open up the potential integration of magneto-ionics in existing nitride semiconductor materials in view of advanced memory system architectures.

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