The Research Group on Fundamental and Oriented Anthropology (GRAFO) aims to contribute to the theoretical and methodological development of anthropology. It is based at the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, and is recognised as a Consolidated Research Group by the Generalitat of Catalonia (SGR 2014-587).
Substantively, the research of GRAFO is structured around three main areas:
- Relatedness, that is, the ways in which human groups conceptualize, organize and engage in the relationships that frame the everyday life. ‘Relatedness’ refers to kinship, but it may also be understood in a broader sense, for example as referring to broader childrearing environments, or to ‘personal networks’, the set of social relationships surrounding an individual including friendships, acquaintances, and other social ties - both strong and weaker, vertical and horizontal bonds. Last, it also involves socio-educational and professional relationships that are produced within institutions.
- Transnationalism. A second area of investigation concerns the transnational dimensions of everyday life as produced by migration (including refuge), mobility, and globalization, as well as local intercultural relationships that result from such processes.
- Livelihood strategies, in particular in conditions of vulnerability. Livelihood strategies refer to the set of activities and practices that people and households undertake in order to achieve a livelihood, including participation in the labour market, informal economic activities, migration, investment strategies and reproductive choices.
The research group GRAFO was founded in 1999. During the first nine years it was directed by now emeritus professor in anthropology Teresa San Roman and in the following nine years, from 2008 to 2017, by full professor Aurora González Echevarría. Currently, it is coordinated by associate professor Miranda Lubbers.
Internally, the group is structured around two units of research and one unit of knowledge transfer. The two research units are getp-GRAFO ("Cross-cultural Studies of Kinship"), coordinated by Anna Piella and Jorge Grau, and egolab-GRAFO ("Laboratory of Personal Networks and Communities"), coordinated by Hugo Valenzuela. These two teams adopt two complementary approaches to relatedness: While getp focuses on relationships of kinship and broader childcare environments, egolab studies relatedness in a broader sense, focusing on individuals' "personal networks". Apart from the two research units, GRAFO also has a proper line of knowledge transfer and intervention studies led by Pepi Soto.
The research group follows the Code of Good Scientific Practice of the UAB.