Pluralistic Approaches to Languages and Cultures (CARAP)


The term pluralistic approaches to languages and cultures refers to didactic approaches which use teaching / learning activities involving several (i.e. more than one) varieties of languages or cultures.
Four pluralistic approaches can be identified:

the intercultural approach; 

the awakening to languages; 

the inter-comprehension of related languages; 

the integrated didactic approaches to different languages studied.

These approaches reject the “compartmentalised” view of an individual’s linguistic and cultural competence(s), a decision which is a logical consequence of the way in which plurilingual and pluricultural competence is represented by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: this competence is not a collection of distinct and separate competences but a plurilingual and pluricultural competence encompassing the full range of the languages available to him/her.


ECML. Council of Europe.
Michel Candelier
Research leader at GREIP:
Xavier Pascual

Project web page:


The materials created within this project are:
•     A reference document about competences
•     A tool for teachers, including a teaching materials bank and a teacher training kit.

Campus d'excel·lència internacional U A B