Computer Generated Holograms

Computer-generated holography (CGH) is the method of digitally generating holographic interference patterns. A holographic image can be generated e.g. by digitally computing a holographic interference pattern and printing it onto a mask or film for subsequent illumination by suitable coherent light source.

We have studied the problem of the encoding of CGH in substrates with limited modulation capability, like laser printers, or Liquid Crystal Spatial Light Modulators (LCSLM). We have developed a method to obtain the diffraction efficiency in the presence of amplitude and phase mismatching, that it is especially important in LCSLM. We have used these CGH mainly for pattern recognition. We have also studied a labeling technique with increased depth of focus for non-planar surfaces.





  1. P. MarínLizana, A.Peinado, A.Mora, M., and Campos, J.“Labeling technique for non-planar surfaces based on the combination of a diffractive axilens with digital holography methods”, Optical Engineering, vol. 54, 2015.
  2. A. HussainMartínez, J. L., and Campos, J.“Holographic superresolution using spatial light modulator”, J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid publ., vol. 8, p. 13007, 2013.
  3. A. HussainMartínez, J. L.Lizana, A., and Campos, J.“Multiplexing structured illumination in spatial light modulators to achieve super-resolution”, Optica Pura y Aplicada, vol. 46, pp. 165-171, 2013.
  4. A. HussainMartínez, J. L.Lizana, A., and Campos, J.“Super resolution imaging achieved by using onaxis interferometry based on a Spatial Light Modulator”, Optics Express, vol. 21, pp. 9615-9623, 2013.
  5. A. HussainSohail, M.Martínez, J. L.Lizana, A.Márquez, A., and Campos, J.“Super-resolution imaging based on liquid crystal on silicon displays technology”, Proceedings SPIE, vol. 8789, pp. 878918-1-8, 2013.
  6. M. SohailLizana, A., and Campos, J.“Super-resolution imaging technique based on a LCoS display: Increase of CCD resolution limit”, Optica Pura y Aplicada, vol. 46, pp. 223-230, 2013.
  7. A. MárquezMoreno, I.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“Analysis of Fabry–Perot interference effects on the modulation properties of liquid crystal displays”, Optics Communications, vol. 265, pp. 84 - 94, 2006.
  8. S. LedesmaEscalera, J. C.Campos, J.Mazzaferri, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“High depth of focus by combining annular lenses”, Optics Communications, vol. 266, pp. 6 - 12, 2006.
  9. A. MárquezIemmi, C.Campos, J.Escalera, J. C., and Yzuel, M. J.“Two applications of liquid crystal displays in diffractive optics under polychromatic illumination”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 6187, p. 61870E-61870E-11, 2006.
  10. A. MárquezIemmi, C.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“Achromatic diffractive lens written onto a liquid crystal display”, Opt. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 392–394, 2006.
  11. J. A. DavisCampos, J.Yzuel, M. J., and Iemmi, C.“Fourier Transform Approach for the Design of Arbitrary Axial Intensity Distribution Functions”, in Frontiers in Optics, 2006, p. FWX3.
  12. C. IemmiCampos, J.Escalera, J. C.López-Coronado, O.Gimeno, R., and Yzuel, M. J.“Depth of focus increase by multiplexing programmable diffractive lenses”, Opt. Express, vol. 14, pp. 10207–10219, 2006.
  13. J. CamposLópez-Coronado, O.Iemmi, C.Escalera, J. C.Gimeno, R., and Yzuel, M. J.“Multiplexed lenses written onto a liquid crystal display to increase depth of focus”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 6311, p. 63110Q-63110Q-9, 2006.
  14. A. MárquezNeipp, C.Gallego, S.Ortuño, M.Pascual, I.Yzuel, M. J.Beléndez, A., and Campos, J.“Complementary approaches with and without a Fourier plane for optical image processing education”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 9664, pp. 966410-966410-3, 2005.
  15. J. A. DavisMoreno, I.Yzuel, M. J.Campos, J.Márquez, A., and Nicolás, J.“Operation of liquid-crystal displays for optical computing”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 5907, pp. 590701-590701-14, 2005.
  16. C. IemmiCañizares, P.Moreno, A.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“The use of liquid crystal panels for the study of holograms”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 9664, p. 96640Y-96640Y-3, 2005.
  17. S. PalmaBarbe, J.Campos, J., and Iemmi, C.“Simple method for multiplexing channels in a Fourier optical processor”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 5622, pp. 1434-1439, 2004.
  18. I. MorenoYzuel, M. J.Campos, J., and Vargas, A.“Jones matrix treatment for polarization fourier optics”, Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 51, pp. 2031-2038, 2004.
  19. I. MorenoIemmi, C.Márquez, A.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“Modulation light efficiency of diffractive lenses displayed in a restricted phase-mostly modulation display”, Appl. Opt., vol. 43, pp. 6278–6284, 2004.
  20. L. P. YaroslavskyCampos, J.Moreno, A., and Yzuel, M. J.“Comparison of three methods of integration to obtain the profile from its slope”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 4829. pp. 902-904, 2003.
  21. J. CamposYaroslavsky, L. P.Moreno, A., and Yzuel, M. J.“Integration in the Fourier domain for restoration of a function from its slope: comparison of four methods”, Opt. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1986–1988, 2002.
  22. J. A. DavisMcNamara, D. E.Cottrell, D. M.Campos, J.Yzuel, M. J., and Moreno, I.“Encoding complex diffractive optical elements onto a phase-only liquid-crystal spatial light modulator”, Optical Engineering, vol. 40, pp. 327-329, 2001.
  23. I. PascualMárquez, A.Beléndez, A.Fimia, A.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“Copying low spatial frequency diffraction gratings in photopolymer as phase holograms”, Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 47, pp. 1089-1097, 2000.
  24. J. CamposMárquez, A.Yzuel, M. J.Davis, J. A.Cottrell, D. M., and Moreno, I.“Fully complex synthetic discriminant functions written onto phase-only modulators”, Appl. Opt., vol. 39, pp. 5965–5970, 2000.
  25. C. IemmiLedesma, S.Campos, J., and Villarreal, M.“Gray-level computer-generated hologram filters for multiple-object correlation”, Appl. Opt., vol. 39, pp. 1233–1240, 2000.
  26. A. MárquezCampos, J.Yzuel, M. J.Pascual, I.Fimia, A., and Beléndez, A.“Production of computer-generated phase holograms using graphic devices: application to correlation filters”, Optical Engineering, vol. 39, pp. 1612-1619, 2000.
  27. I. PascualMárquez, A.Beléndez, A.Fimia, A.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“Fabrication of computer-generated phase holograms using photopolymers as holographic recording material”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 3633, pp. 302-305, 1999.
  28. J. A. DavisCottrell, D. M.Campos, J.Yzuel, M. J., and Moreno, I.“Encoding amplitude information onto phase-only filters”, Appl. Opt., vol. 38, pp. 5004–5013, 1999.
  29. E. CarcoléCampos, J., and Millán, M. S.“Encoding multiplexed Fresnel lenses in low-resolution devices”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 2774, pp. 774-785, 1996.
  30. E. CarcoléCampos, J., and Juvells, I.“Phase quantization effects on Fresnel lenses encoded in low resolution devices”, Optics Communications, vol. 132, pp. 35 - 40, 1996.
  31. M. J. YzuelHild, R.Campos, J., and Escalera, J. C.“Study of the influence of nonuniform pupils in photolithographic systems through the apparent transfer function”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 2774, pp. 369-377, 1996.
  32. I. MorenoGorecki, C.Campos, J., and Yzuel, M. J.“Comparison of computer-generated holograms produced by laser printers and lithography: application to pattern recognition”, Optical Engineering, vol. 34, pp. 3520-3525, 1995.
  33. E. CarcoléCampos, J., and Millán, M. S.“Derivation of weighting coefficients for multiplexed phase-diffractive elements”, Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2360–2362, 1995.
  34. E. CarcoléCampos, J.Juvells, I., and Moneo, RdeJ. F.“Diffraction theory of optimized low-resolution Fresnel encoded lenses”, Appl. Opt., vol. 34, pp. 5952–5960, 1995.
  35. I. MorenoCampos, J.Gorecki, C., and Yzuel, M. J.“Effects of Amplitude and Phase Mismatching Errors in the Generation of a Kinoform for Pattern Recognition”, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 34, p. 6423, 1995.
  36. E. CarcoléCampos, J.Juvells, I., and Bosch, S.“Diffraction efficiency of low-resolution Fresnel encoded lenses”, Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 6741–6746, 1994.
  37. E. CarcoléCampos, J., and Bosch, S.“Diffraction theory of Fresnel lenses encoded in low-resolution devices”, Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 162–174, 1994.
  38. E. AhouziCampos, J.Chalasinska-Macukow, K., and Yzuel, M. J.“Optoelectronic pure phase correlator”, Optics Communications, vol. 110, pp. 27 - 32, 1994.
  39. E. CarcoléBosch, S., and Campos, J.“Analytical and Numerical Approximations in Fresnel Diffraction”, Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 40, pp. 1091-1106, 1993.
  40. J. GarciaCampos, J., and Ferreira, C.“Limited impulse response circular harmonic phase-only filter”, Optics Communications, vol. 96, pp. 13 - 20, 1993.
  41. J. CamposJanowska-Dmoch, B.Styczynski, K.Turon, F.Yzuel, M. J., and Chalasinska-Macukow, K.“Amplitude-encoded phase-only filters for pattern recognition: influence of the bleaching procedure”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1574, pp. 141-147, 1991.
  42. K. Chalasinska-MacukowTuron, F.Yzuel, M. J., and Campos, J.“Intermodulation effects in pure phase-only correlation method”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1564, pp. 285-293, 1991.
  43. M. J. YzuelCampos, J., and Calvo, F.“Maréchal Intensity Criteria for Apertures with Polynomial Non-uniform Transmission. Evaluation of the Diffraction Focus and the Strehl Ratio”, Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 38, pp. 349-362, 1991.
  44. J. CamposTuron, F., and Yzuel, M. J.“Filter quanitization effects on the correlation”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1319, pp. 423-423, 1990.
  45. S. VallmitjanaCampos, J.Juvells, I., and Bosch, S.“Optical Implementation Of A Composite Filter Using A Joint-Transform Correlator”, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1134, pp. 119-125, 1989.
  46. S. VallmitjanaBertomeu, J.Juvells, I.Bosch, S., and Campos, J.“Optical edge detection by a holographic filtering method”, Optics Communications, vol. 68, pp. 334 - 338, 1988.
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