|Title||Generalized Einstein B coefficients for coherently driven three-level systems|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Mompart, J, Corbalán, R|
|Journal||Phys. Rev. A|
Generalized Einstein B coefficients for coherently driven closed three-level systems are introduced by means of the quantum-jump technique. The nonreciprocity between stimulated emission and absorption for both one-photon and two-photon gain and loss processes has been studied and quantified in terms of the rates of the particular incoherent processes present in each three-level system. Some general properties of these generalized Einstein B coefficients have been found. In particular, whenever the generalized Einstein B coefficient for one-photon gain overcomes that for one-photon loss then the generalized Einstein B coefficient for two-photon loss overcomes that for two-photon gain, and vice versa. Finally, we have obtained simple analytical expressions indicating the way to maximize the asymmetry between stimulated emission and absorption coefficients either for one-photon or for two-photon processes.