|Title||Three-level atom optics via the tunneling interaction|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Eckert, K, Lewenstein, M, Corbalán, R, Birkl, G, Ertmer, W, Mompart, J|
|Journal||Phys. Rev. A|
Three-level atom optics is introduced as a simple, efficient, and robust method to coherently manipulate and transport neutral atoms. The tunneling interaction among three trapped states allows us to realize the spatial analog of the stimulated Raman adiabatic passage, coherent population trapping, and electromagnetically induced transparency techniques and offers a wide range of possible applications. We investigate an implementation in optical microtrap arrays and show that under realistic parameters the coherent manipulation and transfer of neutral atoms among dipole traps could be realized in the millisecond range.